Changes Are Fast And Time Is Short.
The world’s leading environmentalists and climate experts affiliated with the United Nations have warned in recent days that if we do not take other important steps, including limiting carbon dioxide emissions, there will be floods, hurricanes, climate intensity, droughts, and Crops The process of devastation could be rapid with unusually negative consequences across the planet, says a report released by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on October 9, said Has gone That the average temperature of our planet has already increased by one degree centigrade. Now if it is to prevent this increase of 1.5 centigrade, we have to take bold steps from today.
Otherwise, this increase will cause drought, drought, extreme heat, climate intensity. , Increasing disasters like wildfires, floods and hurricanes will affect millions around the world as the Earth’s most fragile and sensitive system will be impacted in many ways by this heat. It’s clear that when it comes to average temperature rises, it’s Means an average rise in temperature since the nineteenth century. Surprisingly, Pakistan is far behind in carbon dioxide emitting countries, but according to the German watch it is among the seven countries in the world that are severely affected by climate change. Will be affected.
The IPCC report says it is necessary to comply with the Paris agreement in this regard. But the agreement led to non-stop debate of science and politics and warming the ground on greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide. The US, one of the biggest executives, had announced to get rid of it. Then President Donald Trump said that the US, is not bound to comply with the Paris Agreement. Actually, this deal is in addition to the reduction in fossil fuel use (fossil fuel) planning, infrastructure R, It also emphasizes on major reforms in transportation, agriculture, civil affairs, etc. But now the whole world is seeing the devastating effects of climate change. For years we have been seeing heat records being broken. Holes coming into the world’s biggest oceans this year The nose storms are also in front of us.
Former United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki Mon in his article on a website with the release of the said report that he is deeply disturbed by the cold front by developed countries. He said it is a global problem with global solution Must find. They also expressed deep frustration at the slowdown by the big polluting countries. It is clear that NASA experts have already said that global temperature has risen by 0.9 percent since the nineteenth century, which has caused an increase of one Better to understand the ranks. Experts say in their report we must take strict measures for the survival and safety of our children and their children. Experts say global intensity is growing faster than estimates and is devastating.
Time is running out to avoid the situation. According to the report, its effects are far more dangerous than previously imposed measures. Therefore, societies need so much broad changes in people’s lifestyle and economies that it is not even thought about. Cannot go away. Economies around the world need change to keep global capacities within the range of 1.5 degree centigrade increase, says a special report by Akyanway authors.
Experts have already warned that the effects of climate change on Earth will be very devastating. The changes that result in them will also intensify future problems such as armed conflict, hunger, floods and migration. Experts Says that if greenhouse or vegetable gas emissions are not reduced and global temperatures continue to rise will severely damage the ecosystem or ecosystem, with financial impacts equal to several trillion dollars Could be. Research shows that every degree increase in Earth’s temperature will increase environmental catastrophe around the world and will cause not only property damage but also harmful effects on human, animal and plant health Will be. Experts are sending a clear message to policymakers around the world that the effects of temperature rise will be severe, devastating and lasting.
The IPCC issued its strongest warning four years ago on the impacts of climate change after a five-day meeting in the Japanese city of Yokohama. The report released at the time said that Ground temperatures could rise from zero decimal three to four decimal eight degree centigrade this century, raising sea water levels from 26 to 82 centimeters. The report said if ground compared to before the industrial revolution If temperature rises by two degrees Celsius, it will cost two percent to two percent of total incomes around the world to deal with the effects. It is clear that the United Nations is trying to bring down global temperatures before the industrial revolution. Two degrees Celsius rise in temperatures this century can be prevented compared to the era of the Western Hemisphere.
A review in the context was published in 2007, following the global demand for a solution to the problem escalated. A coherent agreement at the global level is inevitable. For the same reason, a world-leading conference on climate change was held in Copenhagen in 2009. However, no progress was made at the conference. At the conference, developing countries, including China, rejected global demands to reduce green gas emissions, demanded that developed countries take a lead role on the issue as China and other developing countries did their own rates Growth and industrial development cannot be put at stake.
Pakistan’s rapidly growing population and decreasing water
2025 is a symbolic milestone in terms of water crisis in Pakistan. The United Nations Development Programme (U&P), IMF, Council of Pakistan for Research in Water and Arsa (Indus River System Authority), all seem to agree that by 2025 in Pakistan. Water will run out. Pakistani research institute had warned in 1990 that Pakistan was in a serious risk of water shortage. Then in 2005 the institute announced that Pakistan had joined the list of water-deficient countries
This situation is the result of continuous waste of time, opportunities and resources. At the time of establishment of Pakistan, Pakistan received 5200 cubic meters of water per person annually. In 2018, this rate is less than 1000 cubic meters and it is feared that by 2025 it will decrease further. Will remain up to 500 cubic meters. In simple words, it means drought and famine. According to Tofeeq Pasha, an expert from the Hisar Foundation, a research institute working on water scarcity and related issues, a depth of thirty feet in Pakistan a few decades ago. Water used to be found but today in many places in Pakistan, seven to eight hundred feet have to be dug for water. Experts say nature sometimes requires a thousand years to form an underground water reservoir. If water is extracted recklessly through tubes, it will surely be finished in few years. The underground water rate in Punjab was 20 million cubic feet, but we have mined it.
According to a recent WAPDA report, all major cities in Pakistan have suffered severe water shortages. Islamabad requires 176 million gallons annually, but 84 million gallons available, Karachi requires 1100 million gallons and only 600 million annually Available. Peshawar’s annual requirement is 250 million gallons, but it can get only 162 million gallons. Lahore’s annual requirement has 692 million gallons but it gets 484 million gallons. Similarly, Quetta needs 45 million gallons but gets 28 million gallons.
On one hand this situation and the report of the United Nations and on the other hand Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey says that the population ratio in Pakistan is increasing dangerously, by 2046 the population of the country will double and by 2030 Pakistan fourth in the world. The country will become the most densely populated country. This population will require 12 crore servants, 1 crore 90 lakh homes and 85 thousand primary schools. In this regard, the report released says that the population growth rate in Pakistan has reached 2.40 per cent and if this rate continues, 2046 The population will double and Pakistan will need twelve crore more servants by 2040. The report says Pakistan is one of the three countries in the world suffering from water shortage at the moment. The report says one crore 90 lakh homes are needed for housing
By 2040, 85 thousand more primary schools will have to be built in the country. The report says that Pakistan is the highest number of deaths during childbirth compared to the rest of the world. Twelve thousand mothers lose their lives during childbirth every year. In Pakistan, 62 lion-eating children do not reach the age of one year. According to a survey, Pakistan has the highest child birth rate in South Asia and 68 percent of children under the age of five suffer from lack of food. Thinking of the future in these circumstances. The heart is starting to shake.